IRS Announces 2020 Benefit Plan Contribution and Pension Plan Limits
November 08, 2019
On November 6, 2019, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) announced via Revenue Procedure 2019-44 the dollar limitation for 2020 on employee salary reductions for contributions to health flexible spending accounts; the monthly limitation regarding the aggregate fringe benefits exclusion amount for transportation in a commuter highway vehicle and any transit pass; and the maximum amount that can be excluded from an employee’s gross income for the amounts paid for qualified adoption expenses furnished pursuant to an adoption assistance program.
It also announced via Notice 2019-59 the cost of living adjustments applicable to dollar limitations for pension plans and other items for tax year 2020.
Health Flexible Spending Accounts
The 2020 maximum employee salary reduction contribution to a health flexible spending account will increase to $2,750. This is a $50 increase from the 2019 limit of $2,700. The Affordable Care Act (ACA) had limited employee salary reductions for contributions to health flexible spending accounts to $2,500 per employee, but allowed that the limit may be adjusted annually for inflation in increments of $50.
The $2,750 limit applies to both full-purpose and limited-purpose health flexible spending accounts. However, an employer is not required to adopt the maximum amount allowed in its plan design and may choose to allow an amount less than $2,750. The $2,750 limit applies only to employee salary reduction contributions during the benefit plan year and does not impact employer-paid contributions or, if offered, contributions made as a result of the balance carryover option. If an employer provides flex credits that employees may elect to receive either as cash or as a taxable benefit, those flex credits are treated as employee salary reduction contributions and count toward the $2,750 limit.
The dependent care spending account maximum is set by statute and is not subject to inflation-related adjustments. Consequently, the 2020 dependent care spending account maximum continues to be limited to the smallest of the following amounts:
- $5,000 if the employee is married and filing a joint return or if the employee is a single parent ($2,500 if the employee is married but filing separately);
- the employee's “earned income” for the year; or
- the spouse’s “earned income,” if the employee is married at the end of the taxable year.
Qualified Transportation/Parking Benefits
The monthly limitation regarding the aggregate fringe benefit exclusion amount for transportation in a commuter highway vehicle and any transit pass is increased to $270 for 2020. This is a $5 increase over the 2019 limit of $265.
The monthly limitation regarding the fringe benefit exclusion amount for qualified parking is increased to $270 for 2020. This is a $5 increase over the 2019 limit of $265.
Adoption Assistance Programs
The maximum amount that can be excluded from an employee's gross income for the amounts paid or expenses incurred by an employer for qualified adoption expenses furnished pursuant to an adoption assistance program for other adoptions by the employee in 2020 is $14,300. This is an increase of $220 over the 2019 maximum.
Summary of Changes to Contribution Limits
For a copy of Revenue Procedure 2019-44, click on the link provided below.
Pension Plan Limits
A summary of the 2020 pension limitations as compared to 2019 are as follows:
The 2020 dollar limitation under Section 414(v)(2)(B)(i) for catch-up contributions to an applicable employer plan, other than a plan described in Section 401(k)(11) or Section 408(p) for individuals age 50, is increased from $6,000 to $6,500. The 2020 dollar limitation under Section 414(v)(2)(B)(ii) for catch-up contributions to an applicable employer plan described in Section 401(k)(11) or Section 408(p) for individuals age 50 or over remains unchanged at $3,000.
For a copy of Notice 2019-59, click on the link provided below.
ADP Compliance Resources
ADP maintains a staff of dedicated professionals who carefully monitor federal and state legislative and regulatory measures affecting employment-related human resource, payroll, tax and benefits administration, and help ensure that ADP systems are updated as relevant laws evolve. For the latest on how federal and state tax law changes may impact your business, visit the ADP Eye on Washington Web page located at www.adp.com/regulatorynews.
ADP is committed to assisting businesses with increased compliance requirements resulting from rapidly evolving legislation. Our goal is to help minimize your administrative burden across the entire spectrum of employment-related payroll, tax, HR and benefits, so that you can focus on running your business. This information is provided as a courtesy to assist in your understanding of the impact of certain regulatory requirements and should not be construed as tax or legal advice. Such information is by nature subject to revision and may not be the most current information available. ADP encourages readers to consult with appropriate legal and/or tax advisors. Please be advised that calls to and from ADP may be monitored or recorded.
If you have any questions regarding our services, please call 855-466-0790.
One ADP Boulevard,
Roseland, NJ 07068
Updated on November 8, 2019